Group 7 - Angela, Ching Theng, Steffi & Kobe

A pet is an 1._ kept for companionship and enjoyment or a household animal, as opposed to 2._ animals or to livestock, laboratory animals, working animals or sport animals which are kept for economic or productive reasons. The most 3._ pets are noted for their 4._ or playful characteristics, for 5._ attractive appearance, or for their song. Pets also generally seem to provide their owners 6._ non-trivial health 7._ keeping pets has been shown to help 8._ stress to those who like having animals around. There is now a medically-approved class of "therapy animals," mostly dogs, that are 9._ to visit confined humans. Walking a dog can provide both the 10._ and the dog with exercise, fresh air, and social interaction.

Group 3 - Yue Han, Jia Yin, Yi Qian and Harry

As a child, my 1) and i had countless 2) on our farm. There was a feathered 3) and a furry collection.A 4) of our favourites included Benny, a sausage dog cross, and Nancy, a milking goat.
One morning we realised they were both 5) .Our search involved visiting the pound, asking 6)_ at the neighbouring farms, and driving around the rough, winding backtracks. There was no 7) of our little dog or the runaway goat; they had 8) vanished. I could understand how easy it was for a dog to 9) off and get lost, but not a big white milking 10) in an area of well-fenced wheat 11).
A week 12) they disappeared, when we'd just about given up on ever finding them again, Benny and Nancy casually trotted down the driveway 13). we never did 14) the secret of their adventure: 20 years later, it still remained a 15) .

Group 4(Audrey,Yi Ting,Ying Yee and Zachary)

Anime is the Japanese Q1)_ word for 'animation'. In Japan, 'anime' would be any animated production, from Disney to Legend of the Overfiend. Anything that is animated, be it Japanese, English or French. Outside Japan,Q2)_ , 'anime' tends to refer, specifically, to Japanese animation. In Japan,Q3)_ is a rather popular form of entertainment. It comes in the form of tv shows, movies at the cinema as well as direct to video releases (OVA - Original Video Animation). Unlike in the west, anime has a huge Q4)_ of genres - it is not only for children. Anime is for everybody! Most of the time, anime comes from a manga - Japanese comics. Occasionally, though, you'll get an anime first, and the manga will follow... but as a Q5)_ rule, anime comes from a Q6)_ manga series. The manga are Q7)_ in anthologies, either weekly or monthly, and have a huge number of Q8)_! Even more, if you consider that these anthologies are read once, and left on the train for someone else to read. As Q9)_ anime, manga comes in many genres for all age groups - manga for businessmen, women, boys, girls, romance, fashion, adult titles, sports and more. It's a huge industry in Japan, and Q10)_ popular.


Koalas have soft, wool-like fur that is gray above and white below. Their fur is mostly white on the underside below the neck, and their ears have long white hairs on the tips. The koala resembles a bear, but is actually a marsupial, a special kind of mammal which carries its young in a pouch. Koalas are rather small, round animals. They weigh about 30 pounds and on average 1. _ to be 2 feet tall. There are fewer than 100,000 koalas. Koalas can live as long as 17 years, although high mortality rates (due to car fatalities and dogs) for males lower their life expectancy to 2 to 10 years. The koala's historic range 2._ across Australia. Today they can be found only in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. Koalas 3._ to live in eucalyptus forests, coastal islands, and low woodlands. Koalas 4._ eucalyptus leaves and bark from 12 different eucalyptus tree species. They also consume mistletoe and box leaves. 5. mammals, koalas sleep for up to 16 hours a day. They are arboreal, which means that they live in trees. They do not live in big groups but rather prefer to be alone. Koalas breed once a year. 6._ lasts 35 days, after which one koala is born. The baby koala is very small when it is born, and lives in its mother's pouch for five to seven months. After this time, koalas 7. _ become independent and survive on their own. Once 8. _ in the millions, koalas suffered major declines in population during the 1920s when they were hunted for their fur. Today, habitat destruction, traffic deaths, and attacks by dogs kill an 9. _ 4,000 koalas yearly. Australian national laws protect koalas, but 10. _ individual state is responsible for the animal's conservation.

Group 2 comprehension cloze_(By Wei Qi, Dominic, Suon Chuang and Kin Mun)___

In Mizoram, India, the locals shuddered at the 1._of the many bamboos that had sprouted everywhere. The presence of the bamboos only 2._ one thing to them. It attracted hordes of rats which not only fed on them 3._also the crops that the farmers had.
The phenomenon, 4._ the locals called Mautam, seemed to take place every 48 years. The last time it 5._ was in the 1960s. The tribe still remembered that as a deadly 6.__ when there was widespread famine in the Mizo Hills.
As more than half the population of Mizoram were farmers, they felt helpless whenever they 7._ Mautam. Hence, on learning that Mautam had arrived, they decided to stay home 8._ of going out to their fields as they usually did. They did not want to sow 9._ rice or corn for they knew that, eventually, their corps would be 10._ by the rats.
The state government tried to bring the population of rats under 11._ by enlisting the people’s help. It offered a 12._ of one rupee for every rat that was killed. Many farmers went out and killed the rats. They sliced off rats’ tails as 13_. to collect the money from the state government. Although the people did 14._ best in killing the rats, the number of rats did not seem to 15_.

Group 1 - Comprehension Cloze (By Kunalika, Yi Xuan, Yong Rui and Kai Jun)

Earthquakes on the ocean floor can give a tremendous push to the surrounding seawater and create one or more , destructive waves called tsunamis, also known as seismic sea waves. Some people call tsunamis tidal waves, but think that the term is misleading because the waves are not caused by the tide.
may build to heights of more than 100 feet(30m) when they reach shallow water near . In the open ocean, tsunamis typically move at speeds of 800 to 970 kilometres er hour. They can travel great distances while smaller in size and can flood coastal areas thousands of miles from their source.
Another form of tsunami is called a storm surge, in which waves are whipped up by a storm. In 1970, a _ surge and cyclone hit Bangladesh, _ 266,000 people. It _ in 1985, killing another 10,000 people. In 2004, large tsunamis occured in __ countries around the globe.

Group 6 Comprehension Cloze (By Jia Yu, Jasmine, Akhira, Jun Xiang)

Phonology is the study of speech sound patterns. Everyone tends to use certain patterns when they speak or write messages. They 1) aren’t aware of these patterns.

The way 2) pronounce words can depend on the area where they live. In Boston, Massachusetts, some people pronounce the word “car” as “cah.” A people from Canada might pronounce "about" in a way that makes it 3) like "a boat" to Americans.

The study of how words are 4) together is called morphology. People’s backgrounds can affect how they put words together and the phrases they use. Forensic linguists study the structure of entire semantics, or the meanings of the 5) .

Semantics and syntax can change over time and from 6) to place. In the early 1800s, the word “broadcast” meant to 7) seeds over the ground. Today, people use this word to refer to signals 8) by radio and TV. Also, a person from England might form sentences much differently than someone from the United States. The English person might ask, “Will you be joining us for dinner this evening?’ The American might 9) , “Are you coming by for supper tonight?”

After forensic linguists find the patterns in a message, they are ready for the next step. They might be asked to compare one message to another to see if whether the 10) person could have written both messages.
Information from: "Word Evidence" by Michael Martin

Group 5 Comprehension Cloze (By Firdaus, Lau Joey, Jia Xuan and Serafina)
Birds are feathered, winged, bipedal, warm blooded, egg-laying,
vertebrate animals. There are around 10,000 living species, making them the most specious class of tetrapod vertebrates.

They inhabit ecosystems across the globe, from the Arctic to the Antarctic. Extant birds Q1) in size from the 5 cm Bee Hummingbird to the 2.75 m Ostrich. The fossil record Q2) that birds evolved from the theropod dinosaurs during the Jurassic period, around 150 to 200 million years ago.

Modern birds are characterized by feathers, a Q3) with no teeth, and the laying of hard-shelled eggs. All living species of birds have wings. Q4) are evolved forelimbs, and most bird species can fly. Birds also have unique digestive and respiratory Q5) that are highly adapted for flight. Some birds, especially corvids and parrots, are among the most Q6) animal species and many social species exhibit cultural transmission of knowledge across generations.

Birds Q7) using visual signals and through calls and songs. Eggs are usually laid in a nest and Q8) by the parents. Most birds have an extended period of parental care after Q9).

Many species are of economic importance, mostly as sources of Q10) acquired through hunting or farming. Some species, particularly songbirds and parrots, are popular Q11) . Other uses include the harvesting of guano for use as Q12) . Birds figure prominently in all aspects of human culture from religion to poetry to popular music.

About 120 to 130 species have become Q13) as a result of human activity since the 17th century. Currently about 1,200 Q14) of birds are threatened with extinction by human activities, though efforts are underway to Q15) them.

Group 10 Comprehension Cloze..(By Joey Ng Celine Tay Leo Jia En and Rizq)
The mayor of a town near Japan’s quake-damaged and stricken Fukushima nuclear plant said yesterday that it desperately needed help for thousands of evacuees sheltered there.
Mr Masao Hara, mayor of Koriyama city, about 50km west of the nuclear plant, told Agence France- Presse: “What we urgently need now are fuel, heavy and light oil, water and (1)
“More than anything else, we need fuel because we can’t do anything without it. We can’t stay warm or work the water pumps… I really would like to (2)_ to the world: We need help.”
More than 200, 000 people have been (3)_ from a 20km radius around the Fukushima power station, which has been rocked by a series of explosions and seen spikes of radiation at levels damaging to human health.
The Fukushima No. 1 plant was damaged in last Friday’s (4)quake and tsunami, which killed thousands of people and left large parts of northern Japan desperately short of basic necessities. The disaster has also (5) _ tens of thousands of buildings.
The crisis have (6) with relief workers being (7)by freezing temperatures and snowfalls. Fear of contamination by radiation leaks has also made it difficult for international relief agencies to reach the disaster zones.
As survivors (8)_ with shortages of water, food and electricity, Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan has ordered a shift in the focus of relief efforts from search and rescue to caring for an (9)_ half a million people who have been evacuated from the stricken provinces.
In Shizuoka, south-west of Tokyo about 1.4 million households remained without water and 843, 000 households (10) _power cuts on Tuesday.
Rikuzentakata, a village of 24, 500 people in northern Iwate prefecture, was practically levelled in the quake.
“We survived, but what are we supposed to do from here?” said 64-year- old Sachiko Sigawara, now staying at a shelter.

Group 8 comprehension cloze (Xin Yi, Lance, Poh Yee and Zhe Xian)

The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users
worldwide. It is a network of networks that 1._ of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope,
that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking 2. . The Internet carries a 3._ range of information
resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support electronic mail.
Most traditional communications media 4. telephone, music, film, and television are reshaped or redefined by the Internet, giving birth to new services such as Voice over Inter Protocol (VoIP) and IPTV. Newspaper, book and other print publishing are adapting to Web site technology, or are reshaped into blogging and web feeds. The Internet 5._ enabled or accelerated new forms of human 6._ through instant messaging, Internet forums, and social
networking. Online shopping 7. boomed both for major retail outlets and small artisans and traders. Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries.The 8. of the Internet reach back to research of the 1960s, commissioned by the United
States government in collaboration with private commercial interests to build robust, fault-tolerant, and distributed computer networks. The funding of a
new U.S. backbone by the National Science Foundation in the 1980s, as well as private funding for other commercial backbones, led to worldwide
participation in the development of new networking technologies and the merger of many networks. The commercialization of what was by the 1990s an
international network resulted in its popularization and incorporation into virtually every aspect of 9. human life. As of 2009, an estimated
quarter of Earth's population used the services of the Internet.The Internet has no centralized governance in 10._ technological implementation or policies
for access and usage; each constituent network sets its own standards.